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Posts for category: Dental Procedures

By Kuhn Family Dentistry
July 09, 2019
Category: Dental Procedures
SingerDuaLipaSeestheWisdominPostponingTourDates

When die-hard music fans hear that their favorite performer is canceling a gig, it’s a big disappointment—especially if the excuse seems less than earth-shaking. Recently, British pop sensation Dua Lipa needed to drop two dates from her world tour with Bruno Mars. However, she had a very good reason.

“I’ve been performing with an awful pain due to my wisdom teeth,” the singer tweeted, “and as advised by my dentist and oral surgeon I have had to have them imminently removed.”

The dental problem Lipa had to deal with, impacted wisdom teeth, is not uncommon in young adults. Also called third molars, wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt (emerge from beneath the gums), generally making their appearance between the ages of 18-24. But their debut can cause trouble: Many times, these teeth develop in a way that makes it impossible for them to erupt without negatively affecting the healthy teeth nearby. In this situation, the teeth are called “impacted.”

A number of issues can cause impacted wisdom teeth, including a tooth in an abnormal position, a lack of sufficient space in the jaw, or an obstruction that prevents proper emergence. The most common treatment for impaction is to extract (remove) one or more of the wisdom teeth. This is a routine in-office procedure that may be performed by general dentists or dental specialists.

It’s thought that perhaps 7 out of 10 people ages 20-30 have at least one impacted wisdom tooth. Some cause pain and need to be removed right away; however, this is not always the case. If a wisdom tooth is found to be impacted and is likely to result in future problems, it may be best to have it extracted before symptoms appear. Unfortunately, even with x-rays and other diagnostic tests, it isn’t always possible to predict exactly when—or if—the tooth will actually begin causing trouble. In some situations, the best option may be to carefully monitor the tooth at regular intervals and wait for a clearer sign of whether extraction is necessary.

So if you’re around the age when wisdom teeth are beginning to appear, make sure not to skip your routine dental appointments. That way, you might avoid emergency surgery when you’ve got other plans—like maybe your own world tour!

If you would like more information about wisdom tooth extraction, please call our office to arrange a consultation. You can learn more in the Dear Doctor magazine articles “Wisdom Teeth” and “Removing Wisdom Teeth.”

By KUHN FAMILY DENTISTRY
June 20, 2019
Category: Dental Procedures

In addition to daily brushing and flossing, regular dental cleanings from Kuhn Family Dentistry can help you avoid tooth decay. Here at our smilesReno office, Dr. Melinda Kuhn helps her patients maintain good oral health with checkups, cleanings, and other dental care services—read on to learn more!

 

Removing plaque and tartar can help you avoid tooth decay and gum disease

Cleanings remove plaque and tartar, two substances that can mean big trouble for your smile. Plaque (the colorless, sticky film that lies on the layer of your smile) constantly builds on the teeth, and it is the reason why your teeth feel a little rough when you first wake up on in the morning.

Plaque contains bacteria that may cause tooth decay if it isn't removed promptly. Unfortunately, even if you're a diligent brusher and flosser, you will inevitably miss a few spots of plaque. If your teeth overlap, it can be extra difficult to remove plaque at home. The dental hygienist at your Reno dentist's office has special tools that allow her to remove plaque from hard-to-reach places.

If a spot of plaque remains on your teeth for as little as 10 days, it can turn into tartar. The hard deposit usually forms close to your gum line and can increase your risk of developing gum disease. If you have tartar, you will see some gray or brown spots on your teeth.

Tartar won't budge no matter how often you brush or floss. Fortunately, your dental hygienist can gently chip away unsightly tartar during your regular, six-month cleaning!

 

Cleanings improve the appearance of teeth

After the dental hygienist removes the plaque and tartar from your teeth, they will then be polished. This polishing removes any superficial stains on your teeth, helping your smile look dazzling!

 

Exams help you protect your oral health

You'll also spend a little time with Dr. Kuhn during your appointment. She will examine your mouth and take a look at your X-rays (if needed). During these visits, your dentist will look for signs of tooth decay, gum disease, and other issues that can affect your oral health, such as tiny cracks in teeth and fillings that need to be replaced.

 

Give us a call!

Is it time for your next dental visit? If so, call your Reno, NV, dentist, Dr. Melinda Kuhn, at (775) 829-9331 to schedule an appointment.

By Kuhn Family Dentistry
May 30, 2019
Category: Dental Procedures
CrazyLittleThingCalledHyperdontia

The movie Bohemian Rhapsody celebrates the iconic rock band Queen and its legendary lead vocalist, Freddie Mercury. But when we see pictures of the flamboyant singer, many fans both old and new may wonder—what made Freddie’s toothy smile look the way it did? Here’s the answer: The singer was born with four extra teeth at the back of his mouth, which caused his front teeth to be pushed forward, giving him a noticeable overbite.

The presence of extra teeth—more than 20 primary (baby) teeth or 32 adult teeth—is a relatively rare condition called hyperdontia. Sometimes this condition causes no trouble, and an extra tooth (or two) isn’t even recognized until the person has an oral examination. In other situations, hyperdontia can create problems in the mouth such as crowding, malocclusion (bad bite) and periodontal disease. That’s when treatment may be recommended.

Exactly what kind of treatment is needed? There’s a different answer for each individual, but in many cases the problem can be successfully resolved with tooth extraction (removal) and orthodontic treatment (such as braces).┬áSome people may be concerned about having teeth removed, whether it’s for this problem or another issue. But in skilled hands, this procedure is routine and relatively painless.

Teeth aren’t set rigidly in the jawbone like posts in cement—they are actually held in place dynamically by a fibrous membrane called the periodontal ligament. With careful manipulation of the tooth, these fibers can be dislodged and the tooth can be easily extracted. Of course, you won’t feel this happening because extraction is done under anesthesia (often via a numbing shot). In addition, you may be given a sedative or anti-anxiety medication to help you relax during the procedure.

After extraction, some bone grafting material may be placed in the tooth socket and gauze may be applied to control bleeding; sutures (stitches) are sometimes used as well. You’ll receive instructions on medication and post-extraction care before you go home. While you will probably feel discomfort in the area right after the procedure, in a week or so the healing process will be well underway.

Sometimes, dental problems like hyperdontia need immediate treatment because they can negatively affect your overall health; at other times, the issue may be mainly cosmetic. Freddie Mercury declined treatment because he was afraid dental work might interfere with his vocal range. But the decision to change the way your smile looks is up to you; after an examination, we can help you determine what treatment options are appropriate for your own situation.

If you have questions about tooth extraction or orthodontics, please contact our office or schedule a consultation. You can read more in the Dear Doctor magazine articles “Simple Tooth Extraction” and “The Magic of Orthodontics.”

EarlyOrthodonticTechniquesCouldStopGrowingBiteProblems

The longer many health problems go on, the worse they become. Treating them as early as possible could stop or slow their development.

That holds true for poor bites: while we can certainly correct them later in life, it's often better to "intercept" the problem during childhood. Interceptive orthodontics attempts to do this with treatments that influence how the jaws and other mouth structures develop during childhood. Many of these techniques are usually best implemented before puberty.

For example, some very complex problems called cross bites can occur if the upper jaw grows too narrowly. We might be able to stop this from happening by using an orthodontic appliance called a palatal expander during the childhood years. It works because the bone at the center of the palate (roof of the mouth) has a gap running back to front until the early teens when the gap closes.

We fit the palatal expander up under and against the palate, then extend out metal arms from a center mechanism to the back of the upper teeth that exert outward pressure on them. This widens the center gap, which the body continually fills with bone as the device gradually exerts more pressure. Over time this causes the jaw to widen and lessens the cross bite. Timing, though, is everything: it's most effective before the gap closes.

Another way to aid jaw growth is a Herbst appliance, a hinged device that alters the movement of the jaws. As a child wears it, a Herbst appliance draws the lower jaw forward to develop more in that direction. Like the palatal expander, it's best used before significant jaw growth occurs.

These are just two examples of techniques and tools that can guide structural growth and prevent bite problems. Because they're most effective in the early years of oral development, your child should undergo an orthodontic evaluation as early as age 6 to see if they need and can benefit from an interceptive treatment.

Interceptive orthodontics can stop or at least slow a growing bite problem. The effort and expense now could save you much more of both later on.

If you would like more information on interceptive orthodontics, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Interceptive Orthodontics: Timely Intervention can make Treatment Easier.”

By KUHN FAMILY DENTISTRY
April 16, 2019
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: gum disease  

How your dentist in Reno, Nevada can help keep your gums healthy

If your gums bleed a little when you brush or floss, you could have gum disease. It’s important to fight this condition off, for gum disease gum diseaseinfection can spread to the supporting bone, fibers, and ligaments that keep your teeth in place. Luckily, Dr. Melinda Kuhn at Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, Nevada can help you win the fight against gum disease!

 

More about Gum Disease

Gum disease is caused by the bacteria contained in the plaque clinging to your teeth. To fight gum disease, you MUST practice an excellent daily program of keeping the plaque off of your teeth. You do this by:

  • Brushing after meals and before bed; using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, make small circular motions on all surfaces of all of your teeth, and along the gumline. You can also gently brush your tongue, a common place for bacteria to hide.
  • Flossing at least once each day; take a small amount of floss and go down in between each tooth. Make sure you wrap the floss in a “C” shape around the tooth as you go down in between. The wrapping technique ensures the floss stays firmly against the tooth surface to remove plaque.
  • Visiting Dr. Kuhn at least once each year for a dental examination; these appointments allow your dentist to detect issues while are still simple to treat.
  • Receiving professional dental cleanings by a dental hygienist at least every six months; these visits keep your teeth and gums free of soft and hard deposits and reduce bacteria levels.

The good news is gum disease is completely reversible if you follow an excellent program of oral hygiene and visit your dentist and hygienist regularly. By following the steps listed above, you can keep your gums nice and healthy!

 

Give Us a Call!

To find out more about fighting gum disease and other preventive topics, call Dr. Melinda Kuhn at Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, Nevada. Dial (775) 829-9331 today to protect your smile!