Posts for tag: gum disease
Gum disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in the United States, maintains the CDC. Would you like to avoid this oral health problem and the systemic impact it often has? At Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, NV, your dentist, Dr. Melinda Kuhn, and her caring team can show you ways to prevent this damaging infection--saving your teeth and protecting your overall well-being.
What causes gum disease?
Also called periodontitis, gum disease really is an infection of the soft tissues which support and nourish your teeth and their supporting bone structure. Overrun with Strep bacteria from toxic plaque and tartar, your gums begin to bleed, swell and become tender.
Although the American Dental Association (ADA) says most adults who have gum disease do not have obvious signs, many do. The symptoms include:
- Untreatable bad breath
- Receding gum tissue
- Puffy, red, bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Changes in dental bite
- Expanding gum pockets, or sulci, which uncover tooth roots
While some people naturally seem more prone to gum disease than others, poor oral hygiene appears to be the biggest cause along with a diet low in fiber, alcohol intake and cigarette smoking.
Can you prevent gum disease?
Largely, you can, and your Reno, NV, dentist wants to help. Here's what the team at Kuhn Family Dentistry recommends as the best gum disease preventatives:
- Brush your teeth two times daily with a soft brush and a good quality, low-abrasion fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss once a day between your teeth and at the gums to remove bacteria-filled plaque.
- See Dr. Kuhn and your hygienist every six months for a prophylactic cleaning and examination. A gentle tooth scaling works wonders for your gum health.
- Never ignore gum bleeding or pain--even a little bit. These are abnormal findings.
- Use an anti-plaque mouth rinse as needed.
- Stay hydrated, and increase your intake of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Stop smoking, and limit how much alcohol you drink. Watch your stress level, too.
Healthy gums, healthy smile, healthy you
They go together. So, please take care of both your teeth and your gums. For a full evaluation of your periodontal health, please contact your dentist, Dr. Melinda Kuhn at Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, NV. We want all our patients to have the best oral health they possibly can. Phone us at (775) 829-9331.
If you’re over age 30 there’s a fifty percent chance you have periodontal (gum) disease—and you may not even know it. Without treatment this often “silent” bacterial infection could cause you to lose gum coverage, supporting bone volume or eventually your teeth.
That’s not to say there can’t be noticeable symptoms like swollen, red, bleeding or painful gums. But the surest way to know if you have gum disease, as well as how advanced it is, is to have us examine your gums with manual probing below the gum line.
Using a long metal device called a periodontal probe, we can detect if you’ve developed periodontal pockets. These are gaps created when the diseased gum’s attachment to teeth has weakened and begun to pull away. The increased void may become inflamed (swollen) and filled with infection.
During an exam we insert the probe, which has markings indicating depths in millimeters, into the naturally occurring space between tooth and gums called the sulcus. Normally, the sulcus extends only about 1-3 mm deep, so being able to probe deeper is a sign of a periodontal pocket. How deep we can probe can also tell us about the extent of the infection: if we can probe to 5 mm, you may have early to mild gum disease; 5-7 mm indicates moderate gum disease; and anything deeper is a sign of advanced disease.
Knowing periodontal pocket depth helps guide our treatment strategy. Our main goal is to remove bacterial plaque, a thin film of food particles that collects on teeth and is the main cause and continuing fuel for the infection. In mild to moderate cases this may only require the use of hand instruments called scalers to manually remove plaque from tooth surfaces.
If, however, our periodontal probing indicates deeper, advanced gum disease, we may need to include surgical procedures to access these infected areas through the gum tissue. By knowing the depth and extent of any periodontal pockets, we can determine whether or not to use these more invasive techniques.
Like many other health conditions, discovering gum disease early could help you avoid these more advanced procedures and limit the damage caused by the infection. Besides daily brushing and flossing to remove plaque and regular dental checkups, keep watch for signs of swollen or bleeding gums and contact us for an appointment as soon as possible. And be aware that if you smoke, your gums will not likely bleed or swell—that could make diagnosis more difficult.
If you would like more information on treating gum disease, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor article “Understanding Periodontal Pockets.”
After several treatment sessions your periodontal (gum) disease is under control. But, while we may have won this battle, the war rages on. To keep an infection from re-occurring we'll have to remain on guard.
Gum disease begins and thrives on a thin film of bacteria and food particles on tooth surfaces called plaque. The infection usually begins as gingivitis, which causes the gums to become red and swollen (inflamed). Untreated it can develop into periodontitis, a more advanced form that progresses deeper into the gum tissues resulting in bone loss.
To treat the disease, we must remove all the plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) we can find no matter how deeply they've penetrated below the gum line. Since the deeper it extends the more likely surgical techniques may be necessary to consider, it's better to catch the disease in its earliest stages when plaque can be removed with hand instruments or ultrasonic equipment.
The appropriate treatment technique can effectively stop and even reverse gum disease's effects — but it won't change your susceptibility. Constant vigilance is the best way to significantly reduce your risk of another episode. In this case, our prevention goal is the same as in treatment: remove plaque.
It begins with you learning and applying effective brushing and flossing techniques, and being consistent with these habits every day. As your dentist, we play a role too: we may need to see you as often as every few weeks or quarter to perform meticulous cleaning above and below the gum line. We may also perform procedures on your gums to make it easier to maintain them and your teeth, including correcting root surface irregularities that can accumulate plaque.
Our aim is to reduce the chances of another infection as much as possible. "Fighting the good fight" calls for attention, diligence and effort — but the reward is continuing good health for your teeth and gums.
If you would like more information on continuing dental care after gum disease, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Periodontal Cleanings.”
To keep a healthy smile, brushing and flossing your teeth every day should be at the top of your to-do list, along with regular dental visits. Dental visits are usually scheduled every six months when your dental professional will remove any built-up plaque and tartar (hardened plaque deposits) missed during everyday hygiene.
If you've experienced periodontal (gum) disease, however, these dental visits may become even more important toward preventing a re-infection. For one thing, your dentist may want to see you more frequently.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria living in dental plaque, which first infect the superficial layers of gum tissue. Even though the body initiates an inflammatory response to fight it, the infection continues to grow as long as there is plaque present to fuel it. The problem isn't just plaque on the visible tooth surface—hidden plaque beneath the gum line can create deep pockets of infection that can be difficult to treat.
To stop the infection, dentists must manually remove plaque through procedures known as scaling and root planing. Any and all plaque and tartar deposits must be removed, even those deep around the roots, to arrest the infection. This often requires several treatment sessions and sometimes gum surgery to access areas below the gum line.
These types of treatments, especially in the disease's early stages, have a good chance of restoring health to your gums. But because of the high possibility of reinfection, your dentist will need to step up your regular dental maintenance from now on. This could mean visits as frequent as every few weeks, depending on your particular case of gum disease and your dentist's recommendation.
Your dental visits after gum disease may also become more involved than before. Your dentist will now monitor you closely for any signs of reinfection and at the first sign initiate a new round of treatment. You may also need surgical procedures to make some areas around your teeth more accessible for future cleaning and maintenance.
Periodontal maintenance after gum disease helps ensure another infection doesn't rise up to undermine your progress. To paraphrase a well-known quote, eternal vigilance is the price of continuing good dental health.
How your dentist in Reno, Nevada can help keep your gums healthy
If your gums bleed a little when you brush or floss, you could have gum disease. It’s important to fight this condition off, for gum disease infection can spread to the supporting bone, fibers, and ligaments that keep your teeth in place. Luckily, Dr. Melinda Kuhn at Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, Nevada can help you win the fight against gum disease!
More about Gum Disease
Gum disease is caused by the bacteria contained in the plaque clinging to your teeth. To fight gum disease, you MUST practice an excellent daily program of keeping the plaque off of your teeth. You do this by:
- Brushing after meals and before bed; using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, make small circular motions on all surfaces of all of your teeth, and along the gumline. You can also gently brush your tongue, a common place for bacteria to hide.
- Flossing at least once each day; take a small amount of floss and go down in between each tooth. Make sure you wrap the floss in a “C” shape around the tooth as you go down in between. The wrapping technique ensures the floss stays firmly against the tooth surface to remove plaque.
- Visiting Dr. Kuhn at least once each year for a dental examination; these appointments allow your dentist to detect issues while are still simple to treat.
- Receiving professional dental cleanings by a dental hygienist at least every six months; these visits keep your teeth and gums free of soft and hard deposits and reduce bacteria levels.
The good news is gum disease is completely reversible if you follow an excellent program of oral hygiene and visit your dentist and hygienist regularly. By following the steps listed above, you can keep your gums nice and healthy!
Give Us a Call!
To find out more about fighting gum disease and other preventive topics, call Dr. Melinda Kuhn at Kuhn Family Dentistry in Reno, Nevada. Dial (775) 829-9331 today to protect your smile!